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Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Senegal receives $50m to boost agro-nutrition

The West African country of Senegal, has received support worth $50 million, to boost government management of key sectors including agriculture and nutrition, reports NaijaAgroNet.

Disclosing this Tuesday, during her official visit to Senegal in West Africa, the Canadian Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, Marie-Claude Bibeau, said the $50 million comes in as budgetary assistance to enable the Senegalese government to enhance its public financial management and governance.

She also said that empowering women would propel them to reply on their presence in all spheres of the society.

Bibeau, equally said, that women’s empowerment is crucial for development, particularly in Senegal, underscoring the fact that authorizing women would encourage them to reply on their presence in all spheres of the society.

“I am determined to ensuring that Canada’s international aid resources go first and foremost toward giving women the means to contribute fully to the development of their communities,” she said, adding that Canada would spend $112.6 million to fund four development projects and initiatives in Senegal.

Funding of $19.6 million over five years (2016 to 2021) will go to the International Development Research Centre to support the work being done by the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, particularly in Senegal.


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Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Improving agriculture with open data journalism

A weeklong open data workshop for a section of Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Journalists Network, recently ended in Nairobi, Kenya, with a call for embrace and more training in media sphere. REMMY NWEKE who was there for NaijaAgroNet reports.


Prologue:
CONCERNED about repositioning the continental media in Africa to the buddingopen data revolution aimed at increasing agriculture growth rates to a minimum of six per cent annually to create wealth, paved the way for a week-long workshop for members of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Journalists Network in the capital of Kenya, Nairobi.
NaijaAgroNet reports that the training session which held between July 25 and 28, 2016 recognises that CAADP whose growth-focus is on agricultural development agendaof the African Union (AU) Heads of States and Government.
Welcoming participant, the Project Coordinator at Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) Ms Isaura Lopes Ramos on behalf of the Programme Manager, Policy, Markets and Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs), Lamon Rutten, noted CTA is leading the partnership for the open data training which is part of the Global Open Data for Impact and Capacity Development on Agriculture and Nutrition (GODIVAN) scheme, a Department for International Development (DFID) project.

Partnership that works:
This project, Ramos saidis a joint venture of international partners with the aim to increase agricultural sector production, improved nutrition for consumers and more evidence-based policy making, in which these desired changes are based on enabling communities to practically engage with open data.
NaijaAgroNet also gathered that within the context of this project, CTA in partnership with the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Agencyas facilitated by Local Development Research Institute (LDRI) organized the 4-day open data training with the goal to build the capacity of media practitioners so as to monitor progress and report on the implementation of the CAADP through the use of agriculture data and research, thereby strengthening reports on agriculture in Africa and developments as well as intensifying the advocacy efforts of civil society organisations, whilst participants becoming greater champions.

A head start to open data journalism exploration:
In his remarks, the Executive Director, LDRI, Mr. Muchiri Nyaggah called on African media to adopt open data to allowmore evidence-based story delivery, underlining the training objectives among others to include enthroning innovative ways to disseminate news and advocacy content to increased awareness on the agricultural transformation agenda in Africa.
Nyaggah also suggested five head starts which could motivate discuss on open data from the African perspective among media practitioners, so as to encourage improvement in agriculture produce. His catalogue include the possibility of African media practitioners focusing on progress in agricultural productivity, stunting in children under five, domestic food prices, possible advances in agricultural produce and improving capacity to generate agriculture statistics for good governance.
These outlines, he said, are doable and could be explored before the end of this year, mostly collaborating with members of the network. He expressed optimism that the outcome will be memorable as LDRI and partners are on queue to technically support participants in order to improve their deployment of open data in daily newsroom activities.Even as he disclosed, some of the suggestions will be further espoused on TransformAgriculture.org and selected for the CTA magazine.

Between Media, agricultural revolution and Africa we want:
The chief executive officer, Africa Media Initiative (AMI) Mr. Eric Chinje, in his remarks at the training described open data as critical to solution of the Africa’s continent challenges, urging media practitioners to discharge themselves of the ‘watchdog’ or ‘forth estate of the realm’ maximsif they cannot use their tools to enthrone good governance and leadership for the common good of Africans.
According to him, any supposed dog watching over certain part of the society on behalf of the people or less privileged must be able to stand up to be counted at all times through holding of those in leadership or authorities adequately responsible for the path or direction the society goes to. Stressing,“The purpose of the media is helping Africa to address the change we all wanted,” urging media  to live above board by ensuring that they bridge the gap through reportage that are evidence-based and undisputable by anybody because such a report has sufficient data to show or vindicate itself.
Chinje was hopeful that Africa and media practitioners precisely have a brighter future by offering adequate coverage on what unites the continent more like agriculture than what divides Africa, adding that such a focus should be on building a legacy worthy of emulation in no distance future.

Open data gospel according to Steve Nyumba:
Scaling the workshop, the co-founding director at the Local Development Research Institute (LDRI), Mr. Stephen Nyumba offered some insights on how open data concept could be leveraged through application for the agriculture sector by African media. He told participants in a paper“Open Data for Agriculture” that in being open connotes a lot for different people and media practitioners must discern these to ensure whatever definition they are using is seemingly holistic.
As said by him, for a data to be open means that the “Open data and content can be freely used, modified, and shared by anyone for any purpose,” hencehe posited that concept and application entails that open data and content are often provided by the publisher with “explicit permission allowing for their use, re-use, re-distribution or re-purposing with little or no restriction.” Just as Nyumba canvassed that before any reuse, it is important for the user which in this case is a media outlet or practitioner, who wants to tell his or her story differently with infographics to check if the potential content is open or restricted.
This, Nyumba said, could be achieved by way of looking critically at the license of the publication, which very often comes as Creative Commons, otherwise, he advised that the publisher be asked for permission or clarification, so as to eschew any kind of legal bottleneck afterwards,therefore affording media the opportunity to make informed assumptions.

Understanding files extensions in open data:
In addition, Nyumba underscored the importance of file extensions in open data, stressing that their exploration on open data contents cannot be over-emphasised. According to Tech Terms Computer Dictionary, a file extension or ‘simply extension’ is the ending of a file that helps identify the type of file in operating systems such as Microsoft Windows. In Microsoft Windows, the file extension is a period that is often followed by three characters, but may also be one, two, or four characters long. For example, the filename “myfile.txt” has an extension of “.txt”, which is a file extension associated with text files.
He highlighted some kinds of file formats open data content come with such as the Comma Separated Values (CSV), the Microsoft Excel created spreadsheet file extension known as XLS and assumed the most widely-used spreadsheet programme which comes in either XLS or XLSX. The XLSX file formats are extensions created in 2007 and later versions.
As the Portable Document Format is for (PDF) file extension, he noted that DOC extension file is an abbreviation of ‘document’ for Word Processing documents, most commonly Microsoft Word Binary File Format and have since been extended to even Word Perfect file format. Just as the DOCX file extension is a Microsoft Word Open XML Format Document file dating from Microsoft Windows 2007, which comes as part of the Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack.
In addition, he highlighted that the Extensible Markup Language (XML) file formats do exist, whereas the JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) is a lightweight data-interchange format, among others, of which datasets are documented. Pointing out that some of the extension file formats could sound like jargons, but it is crucial to know a little of some of these formats, mostly for media practitioners who stand in-between the data contents and populace who ought to understand the gist in the story, no matter how complicated the data seems.
He assured of LDRI determined support for African Union (AU) member states in their efforts to end hunger, poverty and reduce inequality through data exposition, emphasizing that with good datasets, good stories could emerge with evidence.

Outsourcing infographic options:
Equally sharing thoughts on technicalities of fast-tracking adoption of open data and application in corporate environment like media, Research Analyst, Gro Intelligence Kenya, Mr. Antal Neville, said they are ready to accommodate the outsourcing of datasets into infographics to aid busy professionals in their service deliveries.
He noted that by transforming data into information, Gro Intelligence assists customers to easily search clews to gain intelligence and be better informed in their decision making, just as Neville enjoined African media practitioners to take advantage of the entity options to maximize their narratives.

Submission:
After the weeklong training, some of the participants confessed to NaijaAgroNet their skepticisms at the beginning from the open data workshop, but eventually, they can now tell a better story using infographics made out of open datasets as part of the exercises, which include practical, group works and presentations.
Therefore, giving credence to the promise made by LDRI and partners that participants drawn from CAAD Journalist Network will be trained on how to find, present and visualise data suitable to journalists’ needs, such as creating charts, maps or galleries, whereas providing them with essential concepts, techniques and skills to effectively work with data and produce compelling data stories.
However, the need to continuously keep a tap on participants with more capacity building on open data through exposure to more innovations based on active participation in open data conferences and interfacing with expertsare also critical as much as participant’s individual determination to embrace new concepts in telling their stories, which definitely will stand them out among equals, aside the incentivisations along the side.

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No link to lower IQs in children of mothers who took epilepsy drugs

Two newer epilepsy drugs may not harm the thinking skills or intelligence quotients (IQs) of school-aged children whose mothers took them while pregnant, but an older drug is linked to cognitive problems in children, especially if their mothers took high doses – according to new research from The University of Manchester, reports NaijaAgroNet.

Valproate, one of the most commonly prescribed antiepileptic medications, has been associated in the past with birth defects and developmental problems.

NaijaAgroNet, however, reports that two newer drugs, namely levetiracetam and topirimate have had little or no investigations into their developmental impact until this latest research, published in the August 31, 2016, issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Lead researcher and author of the paper Dr Rebecca Bromley of The University of Manchester’s School of Biological Sciences, said expectant mothers had to know the possible impacts their drug regimes may have on unborn children.

“Over the past few years, doctors have been moving away from prescribing valproate to pregnant women, shifting them to the two newer anti-epileptic drugs. But, until now, there hasn’t been any definitive research to understand what implications for IQ and development these two drugs may have.

“Working with funding from Epilepsy Research UK, our team was able to undertake a rigorous set of tests on the children of 171 women who had taken one of the three drugs while pregnant. From the results, we have concluded that – at the moment – levetiracetam and topiramate have no discernable impact on childhood intellectual development.

“However promising a start our findings are, we do acknowledge larger studies need to be carried out regularly to ensure these drugs do not change the thinking abilities of children in the future.”

The 171 mothers were identified using the UK Epilepsy and Pregnancy Register; each had a child between five and nine years old. Of these 171 women, 42 had taken levetiracetam, 27 had taken topirimate and 47 had taken valproate while pregnant – an additional control group of women with similarly-aged children who had not taken any antiepileptic drug while pregnant was also included in the study.

Dr Bromley and her team performed tests on their children to measure IQ, verbal and non-verbal comprehension, and the speed at which they could process visual information.

Regardless of the level of dose of medication, the topirimate and levetiracetam-prescribed group showed no discernible difference in IQ or thinking skills compared to the control group.

However, the valproate group had an average IQ 11 points lower than the control, levetiracetam and topirimate cohort.

“Expectant mothers with epilepsy may need to continue their drug regime during pregnancy; this research may give them some reassurance that – provided they are prescribed topirimate and levetiracetam – they will a statistically good chance of normal, healthy development in their children,” concluded Dr Bromley.


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Monday, August 29, 2016

‘Role of food security to conflict prevention’

The role of food security and agriculture have an essential role to play in preventing conflicts and crises on the African continent, blunting their impacts and acting as engines for post-crisis recovery, reports NaijaAgroNet.

The Director-General, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Mr. José Graziano da Silva gave this highlight in address to African leaders and international development actors in Nairobi, Kenya, at the foremost summits on African development.

"Ending hunger and malnutrition, addressing humanitarian and protracted crises, preventing and resolving conflicts, and building peace are not separate tasks, but simply different facets of the same challenge," Graziano da Silva said at a side-event on ‘Peace and Food Security', hosted by FAO, at the sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI).

Graziano da Silva was among the high-level delegations who attended in the opening ceremony of TICAD VI, led by the President of the Republic of Kenya and the Prime Minister of Japan.

NaijaAgroNet also reports that the conference which brings together policy makers, UN agencies and financial institutions, among others aimed at promoting high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and their partners and mobilize support for African-owned development initiatives.

The link between conflict prevention and development is of particular importance in the region, which is host to nearly 60 percent of active UN Peacekeeping Missions. And whilst armed conflicts across Africa as a whole have decreased in recent years, this trend has been uneven across the continent.

"Much of FAO's work aims at promoting sustainable development and building the resilience of rural populations," Graziano da Silva said, giving concrete examples of countries where agricultural support helped secure the transition from wars to sustainable peace, including Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

"By supporting agriculture and rural development, we help create jobs, provide income and boost youth employment. This can help prevent distress migration and radicalization, as well as mitigate disputes over depleted resources," he said.


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Pix; FAO D-G, Mr. José Graziano da Silva

IFNA debuts @ TICAD 2016 to boost nutrition security in Africa

NaijaAgroNet:

The Sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI) Summit ended in the city of Nairobi, Kenya at the weekend, with the launch of the Initiative for Food and Nutrition Security in Africa (IFNA) to boost nutrition in Africa, reports NaijaAgroNet.

The event which held at Sarova Panafric Hotel "Simba" on Saturday, August 27, 2016 was part of the sideline event for the two-day TICAD VI which took place at Kenyatta International Convention Center in Nairobi, as part of the inaugural TICAD meeting in Africa since its inception in 1993 and launched by the Japan government.

IFNA, NaijaAgroNet gathered, is cohosted by the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) on the background of the Malabo Declaration and Sustainable Development Goal 2 that aspires to end hunger and improve the nutrition status in the world and particularly in Africa under the Japan JICA is pleased to propose that a new framework be established, called "Initiative for Food and Nutrition Security in Africa (IFNA)" to accelerate the international efforts to alleviate hunger and malnutrition on the African continent.

According to Shuto Megumi of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), IFNA emphasizes the importance of several specific values which focuses on facilitating people-centered and practical activities, through empowerment of women, as well as action-oriented policy enhancement, in order to achieve inclusive nutritional improvement with an impact.

Megumi also said IFNA underscores synergistic outcomes among multi-sectorial activities such as agriculture, health, education, and private sectors, stressing the importance of an evidence-based approach to support policymakers to make decisions based on proper monitoring and evaluation.
“It also emphasizes an appropriate coordination between short-term humanitarian interventions and mid-long-term development interventions in order to enhance sustainability and resilience of communities in the African region,” JICA official said.

While the objectives include serving as a new initiative for Food and Nutrition Security in Africa (IFNA), at the same time, consider how international community can accelerate efforts to alleviate hunger and malnutrition on the African continent.

NaijaAgroNet further gathered that some of the lead speakers at the inauguration of IFNA include JICA president, Dr. Shinichi Kitaoka, Chief Executive Officer, NEPAD Agency Dr. Ibrahim Mayaki, Director General, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Dr. José Graziano da Silva, President of International Fund for Agricultural Development, Dr. Nwanze F. Kanayo, Assistant Executive Director, World Food Programme (WFP) Ms. Elisabeth Rasmusson, Deputy Executive Director, UNICEF, Dr. Omar Abdi, Director for Africa at the World Health Organisation (WHO) Dr. Matshidiso Rebecca Moeti, and Director of Nutrition, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Mr. Shawn Baker among others.

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Thursday, August 25, 2016

Ekweremadu condemns fresh heldsmen attack @Akagbwe...

Ekweremadu condemns fresh heldsmen attack @Akagbwe...: ITRealms : Following the early morning fresh attack at Akagwe-Ugwu community in Nkanu West Local Government Area of Enugu State, on...

ITREALMS ... everything news digitally!

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

UN warns of looming La Niña

The United Nations (UN) has warned of new phase of drought and flood known as La Nina in the Ethiopia’s region of Oromia and Somali, according to meteorological notice made available to the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), reports NaijaAgroNet.

As said by exprts, a La Niña event is 55 per cent likely for October to November and will have two major impacts on Ethiopia: flooding in the dominantly highland areas and additional drought in the lowland livestock-dependent areas of Oromia and Somali regions. FAO is supporting the Government to prepare a contingency plan to address the upcoming needs.

FAO said that with resources available, the organization has already provided agricultural inputs to 127 000 households (635 000 people) in drought-affected regions including Amhara, Afar, Oromia, Tigray, Somali and SNNP.

“So far, nearly 3 700 metric tons of seed and 5.8  million potato cuttings have been delivered to affected communities. Additional vegetable and late season crop seed are being purchased and will be distributed between August and September 2016,” FAO said.

The agency also said it has provided critical support to livestock-owning families, provided livestock feed, fodder seed to rejuvenate pasture, and rehabilitated water points for livestock.

FAO says it has supported the government to vaccinate and treat some 1.4 million animals, decrying that large numbers of animals has been weakened by the drought and are exposed to diseases as the result of the recent floods.

The UN organization revealed its planning to expand the vaccinations and treatment campaigns.


In order to increase the coverage of both on farmers and livestock keepers affected by the drought and current floods, FAO says it requires $10 million by the end of September 2016.  

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Monday, August 22, 2016

LDRI director, Nyumba underscores importance of file extensions in open data

The importance of file extensions in open data has been underscored by the Nairobi-based Local Development Research Institute (LDRI), reports NaijaAgroNet.

This importance was brought to the fore by the co-founding director at LDRI, Mr. Stephen Nyumba in his recent presentation in Nairobi-Kenya, during a workshop for the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Journalists Network held at the Hilton Hotel, recently.

According to TechTerms Computer Dictionary, a file extension or ‘simply extension’ is the ending of a file that helps identify the type of file in operating systems such as Microsoft Windows. In Microsoft Windows, the file extension is a period that is often followed by three characters, but may also be one, two, or four characters long. For example, the filename "myfile.txt" has an extension of ".txt", which is a file extension associated with text files.

Nyumba in his paper entitled “Open Data for Agriculture: An Overview, the Concept and Application” stressed the imperative of file extensions in exploration of the open data contents.

The LDRI director also highlighted some kinds of file formats open data content come with, such as the Comma Separated Values (CSV), the XLS file which is a spreadsheet extension file created by Microsoft Excel, and assumed the most widely-used spreadsheet programme and comes in either XLS or XLSX.

NaijaAgroNet also gathered that XLSX file formats, are the extensions of Microsoft Excel versions created in 2007 and later.

Nyumba, equally said that open data comes as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file, while DOC  an abbreviation of 'document') is a filename extension for Word Processing documents, most commonly Microsoft Word Binary File Format and have since been extended to even Word Perfect file format. Even as the DOCX file extension is a Microsoft Word Open XML Format Document file.

In addition, he highlighted that the Extensible Markup Language (XML) file formats do exist, while the JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) is a lightweight data-interchange format.

Nyumba emphasized that datasets and Application Programming Interface (API) also come in XML which stands for Extensible Markup Language, pointing out that some of the extension file formats could sound like jargons, but it is crucial to know a little of some of these formats, mostly for media practitioners who stand in-between the data content and the populace who ought to understand the gist in the story, no matter how complicated the data may be or look.

He further said that LDRI focuses on supporting African Union (AU) member states in their efforts to end hunger, poverty and reduce inequality through data, even as with good datasets, good stories 

could emerge.

Remmy Nweke/ED. Ops

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Pix: Steve Nyumba

FAO warns of likely outbreak of crop, livestock diseases in Ethiopia

The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) Representative to Ethiopia, Amadou Allahoury, has warned that if the current floods in the country continues, it could lead to crop and livestock diseases, reports NaijaAgroNet.

"If floods worsen later this year, there could be outbreaks of crop and livestock diseases, further reducing agricultural productivity and complicating recovery,” Allahoury declared.

The situation, Allahoury said, is critical now and urged the world make sure that farmers will be able to plant between now and September and grow enough food to feed themselves and their families thus avoiding millions of people having to rely on food assistance for another year.

“Ethiopia needs urgent global support to respond to its humanitarian needs, we have no time to procrastinate," Allahoury said.

The FAO official described the meher season as Ethiopia's main agricultural season and produces up to 85 per cent of the nation's food supplies.

Also, Allahoury warned that if the farmers do not plant enough now, Ethiopia may face significant food shortages, which may further exacerbate food and nutrition insecurity in the country.

“To ensure the last remaining planting window of the year is met, an estimated $8.8 million is needed to provide root crop planting materials, legumes, vegetable and cereal seed to 530 000 households,” the representative said.


NaijaAgroNet reports that FAO estimated that households who lost small ruminants such as sheep may need at least two years to return to pre-drought levels, while cattle-owning households may need up to four years to recover. While animals that survived the recent drought are still weak and susceptible to diseases during the rainy periods; $36.2 million is required to undertake the necessary interventions to support 2.4 million livestock-dependent households or 12 million people.

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Saturday, August 20, 2016

El Niño: Ethiopia needs $45m to scale over

Following the starvation caused by the El Nino in Ethiopia with this year's main planting season winding down, the country needs $45 million in agricultural support, reports NaijaAgroNet.

This was contained in the newly released Mid-Year Review of the Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) developed jointly by the Government of Ethiopia and UN agencies, non-governmental organizations and other development partners and made available to NaijaAgroNet, indicated that 900 000 additional households need urgent agricultural support bringing the total number to 2.9 million in August.

The review, NaijaAgroNet gathered also showed there is still a small window of opportunity in September for farmers to plant the last set of crops this year and grow food for millions facing hunger, provided the necessary support arrives on time.

In order to meet additional agricultural sector needs HRD reviewed stated will require $45 million bringing the total requirement for the agriculture sector to $91.3 million for 2016.

“The overall food security situation has improved only slightly, with the number of people requiring emergency food assistance having decreased from 10.2 million to 9.7 since the beginning of the year,” part of the report read.

NaijaAgroNet recalls that the El Niño-induced drought caused a wide-scale failure of crops and loss of livestock critical to the livelihoods of farmers and agropastoralists. Even as the drought is being followed by seasonal floods, which have already led to crop damage and the inundation of pastures and may be further exacerbated by a phenomenon called La Niña, expected from October onwards.
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Prioritise rural people in post-Ebola recovery plans - IFAD

The President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Dr. Kanayo F. Nwanze, has tasked the government and people of Sierra Leone and Liberia to prioritise rural people in the post-Ebola recovery plans, reports NaijaAgroNet.
IFAD president who was in the two West-African countries made this call during his visit to Sierra Leone (4-6 August) and in Liberia (6-8 August), where he met with presidents of both countries.
In Sierra Leone, Nwanze met President Ernest Bai Koroma, the Ministers of Agriculture, Finance and Gender and the Governor of the Bank of Sierra Leone. While in Liberia he met President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the Minister of Agriculture and project implementation partners.
For him, Ebola has had an enormous impact on the lives of rural people – many of whom are small-scale farmers who could not grow food or earn a living during the epidemic.
“If we do not channel our investments to the rural areas now, these farmers may have to migrate in search of work. This could compromise the future food security of these countries,” he said.
NaijaAgroNet gathered that discussions were focused on how IFAD could further support the two countries post-Ebola recovery plans, particularly in rural areas.
Over 11,310 people, NaijaAgroNet recalls died from the Ebola virus between 2014 and 2016 in the three affected countries, namely Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
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Pix: Nwanze and labourers tilling the land for recovery

Open data concept, application for agriculture according to Steve Nyumba

 NaijaAgroNet:

The co-founding director at the Local Development Research Institute (LDRI), Mr. Stephen Nyumba has offered some insights on how open data concept could be leveraged through application for the agriculture sector by African media, reports NaijaAgroNet.

Nyumba, in a presentation at the recently concluded week-long training for CAADP Journalists Network in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, dwelt on “Open Data for Agriculture” said that in being open connotes a lot for different people and media practitioners must ensure whatever definition they are using is seemingly holistic.

According to him, for a data to be open means that the “Open data and content can be freely used, modified, and shared by anyone for any purpose.”

On the concept and application overview to agriculture, Mr. Nyumba pointed out that open data and content is very often provided by the publisher with “explicit permission allowing for it’s use, re-use, re-distribution or re-purposing with little or no restriction.”

He canvassed that before reuse, it is important for the user which in this case could be a media outlet or practitioner, who wants to tell his or her story differently with infographics to check if the potential content is open or restricted.

This, Nyumba said, could be achieved by way of looking critically at the license of the publication, which very often comes as Creative Commons, otherwise, he advised that the publisher be asked for permission or clarification, so as to eschew any kind of legal bottleneck afterwards.

As said by him, taking most of these precautions would afford the user and precisely media practitioners the opportunity to make informed assumptions, citing for instance, the Gro Intelligence produces which was provided under an open license.

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Pix: Mr. Stephen Nyumba